UNIVERSITY OF GHANA ACT - 1961 (ACT 79)
(1) There is hereby established a university under the name of the University of Ghana (in this Act referred to as the University).
(2) The University is a body corporate, and shall have perpetual succession and a common seal.
(3) Without prejudice to its other powers, the University shall have power to award its own degrees.
The aims of the University shall be to provide higher education, to undertake research, to disseminate knowledge and to foster relationships with outside persons and bodies; and to do so in accordance with the following principles-
(a) that in determining the subjects to be taught emphasis should be placed on those which are of special relevance to the needs and aspirations of Ghanaians, including the furtherance of African unity;
(b) that higher education should be available to all Ghanaians who are capable of benefiting from it;
(c) that so far as practicable students should be given an understanding of world affairs, and in particular of the histories, institutions and cultures of African civilisations;
(d) that students should be taught methods of critical and independent thought, while being made aware that they have a responsibility to use their education for the general benefit;
(e) that research should be undertaken in all subjects which are taught in the University, but with special attention to subjects which relate to the social, cultural, economic, scientific, technical and other problems which exist in Ghana or elsewhere in Africa;
(f) that opportunities for higher education and research should be provided for students from other countries, particularly countries in Africa;
(g) that the fruits of research, and knowledge generally, should be spread abroad by the publication of books and papers and by any other suitable means;
(h) that the University should develop close relationships with the people of Ghana and with other cultural institutions, whether within Ghana or outside.
(1) The Vice-Chancellor shall be appointed by the PNDC on the recommendation of the University Council and shall hold office upon such terms and conditions as may be specified in his instrument of appointment.
(2) The Vice-Chancellor shall, under the direction of the Council be the academic and administrative head and chief disciplinary officer of the University. [As subsituted by University of Ghana (Amendment) Law, 1990 PNDCL 239 s. 1(b)].
(3) A Pro-Vice-Chancellor shall be appointed by the University Council in accordance with a statute in that behalf enacted by the Council, and shall act as Vice-Chancellor when the post of Vice-Chancellor is vacant or the Vice-Chancellor is absent or unable to act.
(1) The governing body of the University shall be the University Council which shall consist of the following members appointed by the PNDC:
(a) the Chairman;
(b) the Vice-Chancellor;
(c) two representatives of Convocation (one of professorial status and one of non-professorial status);
(d) a representative of the University Teachers Association;
(e) a representative of the under-graduate students of the University;
(f) a representative of the post-graduate students of the University;
(g) a representative of the Committee for the Defence of the Revolution of the University;
(h) a representative of the Teachers and Education Workers Union;
(i) a representative of the Education Commission;
(j) a representative of the Conference of Heads of Assisted Secondary Schools;
(k) a representative of the Alumni Association of the University; and
(l) three other persons including at least one woman. [As subsituted by University of Ghana (Amendment) Law, 1990 PNDCL 239 s. 1(c)].
(2) The Schedule to this Act shall apply with respect to the members and meetings of the University Council.
(1) There shall be an Academic Board, which shall be responsible under the University Council for-
(a) formulating and carrying out the academic policy of the University;
(b) devising and regulating courses of instruction and study, and supervising research;
(c) regulating the conduct of examinations and the award of degrees, diplomas and certificates;
(d) advising the University Council on the admission of students and the award of scholarships;
(e) reporting on such matters as may be referred to it by the University Council.
(2) The Academic Board may make representations to the University Council on any matter connected with the University, and shall have such additional functions as may be conferred on it by statutes enacted by the University Council.
(3) The Academic Board shall consist of the Vice-Chancellor and at least nine other persons drawn from the academic staff in accordance with a statute in that behalf enacted by the University Council.
There shall be a Registrar to the University, who shall be appointed by, and act as secretary to, the University Council.
Subject to the provisions of this Act, the University Council shall have power to do or provide for any act or thing in relation to the University which it considers necessary or expedient in its capacity as the governing body, and the conferring of particular powers on the Council by other provisions of this Act shall not be taken to limit the generality of this section.
(1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the University Council may make such arrangements as it thinks fit regarding the internal organisation of the University, including the establishment, variation and suppression of-
(a) halls of residence, faculties, institutes, schools, departments and other bodies, whether in Accra or elsewhere;
(b) professorships, lectureships and other posts, whether academic, administrative or otherwise;
(c) fellowships, bursaries, exhibitions, scholarships, prizes, honorary degrees and other awards.
(2) In so far as they relate to matters which in the opinion of the Council are academic matters, the Council shall exercise the powers referred to in the preceding subsection only after consultation with the Academic Board.
(1) The University shall have power, for any purpose which in the opinion of the University Council is necessary or expedient for or in connection with the exercise of the functions of the University, to acquire and hold any moveable or immoveable property, to sell, lease, mortgage or otherwise alienate or dispose of any such property, and to enter into any other transaction.
(2) Where the University Council have resolved that it is necessary or expedient to acquire any property under the preceding subsection the property may be treated as property required for the Public Service, and the State Property and Contracts Act, 1960 (C.A. 6) shall apply accordingly, so however that the provisions of that Act shall apply with such modifications as are necessary to provide for the vesting of property acquired thereunder in the University and for the cost of acquisition to be defrayed by the University.
(1) The University Council may enact statutes for carrying into effect the provisions of this Act, and in particular for-
(a) regulating the appointment, conditions of service, termination of appointment and retirement benefits of the staff of the University, and for determining the persons who form the academic staff for the purposes of this Act;
(b) determining the persons who are authorised to sign contracts, cheques and other documents on behalf of the University, and otherwise regulating procedure in relation to transactions entered into by the University;
(c) fixing the academic year of the University;
(d) securing that the seal of the University is kept in proper custody and is used only by authority of the University Council.
(2) A statute shall be taken to be enacted if, but only if,-
(a) a draft of the statute has been circulated to the members of the council at least fourteen days before the meeting at which it is to be considered; and
(b) after consideration by the meeting the draft has been provisionally approved either without amendment or only with amendments of which notice in writing was circulated to the members at least three days before the meeting; and
(c) the statute as provisionally approved has been circulated to the members of the Council, and (where in the opinion of the Council it affects academic matters) to the members of the Academic Board, at least seven days before the meeting at which it is proposed to confirm the statute; and
(d) the statute is confirmed without amendment at a meeting of the Council held not less than one month nor more than six months after the meeting at which it was provisionally approved.
(1) The University College of Ghana is hereby abolished and the body corporate styled the Council of the University College of Ghana is hereby dissolved.
(2) Subject to the provisions of this Act, all property which at the commencement of this Act was vested in the Council of the University College of Ghana or was in any other manner held on behalf of, or for the purposes of, the University College of Ghana, shall by virtue of this Act similarly vest in or be held on behalf of, or for the purposes of, the University.
(3) Subject to the provisions of this Act, every contract entered into by the Council of the University College of Ghana shall have effect as if entered into by the University, and all obligations subsisting against the said Council shall continue to subsist against the University.
(4) The preceding subsection does not apply to any contract of employment, but in respect of any such contract which was subsisting at the commencement of this Act and was not then terminable at the instance of the said Council by reason that the other party to the contract (in this subsection referred to as the employed person) had committed misconduct, or by reason of any other event that had occurred, the following provisions shall have effect-
(a) unless he has been offered equivalent employment in Ghana, the employed person shall be entitled to compensation of an amount equal to the amount to which he would have been entitled by way of damages if he had been dismissed by the said Council and this Act had not passed;
(b) the amount of the compensation shall, subject to the following paragraph, be assessed by the Minister responsible for finance, and shall be paid by the Accountant-General out of moneys provided by the National Assembly;
(c) if a dispute arises as to whether the employed person has been offered equivalent employment in Ghana, or as to the amount of compensation assessed by the Minister, the dispute shall be determined by arbitration;
(d) where a dispute is to be determined by arbitration the University Council shall appoint an arbitrator, and where the dispute is as to whether the employed person has been offered equivalent employment in Ghana the arbitrator, if he finds that such an offer was not made, shall include in his award a finding of the amount of compensation payable.
For the purposes of this subsection a person shall be taken to have been offered equivalent employment in Ghana if, but only if, he has been offered employment either in the University of Ghana or in the University of Science and Technology, Kumasi on terms and conditions which, taking them overall, are not less favourable to the employed person than the terms and conditions on which he was employed in the University College of Ghana.
(5) Except where otherwise provided by this Act, and until otherwise provided in the exercise of functions conferred by this Act, all other matters and things relating to the University College of Ghana shall continue as nearly as may be in relation to the University.
(6) The University College of Ghana Ordinance (Cap. 115) is hereby repealed.
(1) Until the date of the first meeting of the University Council, the body appointed by the President and known as the Interim Council of the University of Accra shall have and exercise all the functions conferred by this Act on the University Council, and any act done by the said Interim Council before that date (whether before or after the commencement of this Act) shall have the like effect as if done by the University Council.
(2) For the purpose of determining the composition of the University Council in the first instance, paragraph (g) of section 7 of this Act shall not apply and the four members therein referred to shall be elected before the first meeting of the University Council in accordance with arrangements made by the Interim Council and, notwithstanding anything in the Schedule to this Act, shall hold office for one year only, but shall be eligible for re-election.
(3) Notwithstanding anything in the Schedule to this Act, the term of office of the first members of the University Council to be appointed or elected under section 7 of this Act shall be one year only in the case of the following, who shall nevertheless be eligible for re-appointment or re-election-
(i) two persons nominated by the Chancellor out of the four appointed by him;
(ii) the person elected by a body representative of heads of secondary schools;
(iii) the two persons with the lowest number of votes out of the four elected by members of the staff of the University, the choice being by lot in the case of equal votes.
(4) The University Council-
(a) shall enact the statute referred to in section 7 (1) (g) of this Act within one year after the commencement thereof;
(b) shall enact the statutes referred to in sections 6 (3) and 8 (3) of this Act within three months after the commencement thereof.