CITIZENSHIP ACT - 2000 (ACT 591)
(1) A person born on or after 6th March 1957 and before 22nd August 1969 is a citizen of Ghana by birth if-
(a) he was born in or outside Ghana and either of his parents, and also one at least of his grandparents or great-grandparents, was born in Ghana; or
(b) in the case of a person born in Ghana neither of whose parents was born in Ghana, at least one of his grandparents was born in Ghana.
(2) A person is not a citizen of Ghana for the purposes of subsection (1) of this section if at the time of his birth the parent, grandparent or great-grandparent through whom the citizenship is claimed has lost his citizenship of Ghana.
(3) A person born on or after 6th March 1957 and before 22nd August 1969 is a citizen of Ghana by birth if-
(a) he was born in Ghana and at the time of his birth either of his parents was a citizen of Ghana by registration or naturalisation; or
(b) he was born outside Ghana and at the time of his birth both of his parents were citizens of Ghana by registration or naturalisation.
(1) A citizen of age and capacity of any approved country may upon an application, and with the approval of the President, be registered as a citizen of Ghana if he satisfies the Minister that-
(a) he is of good character;
(b) he is ordinarily resident in Ghana;
(c) he has been so resident throughout the period of five years or such shorter period as the Minister may in the special circumstances of any particular case accept, immediately before the application; and
(d) he can speak and understand an indigenous language of Ghana.
(2) A person who is not a citizen and is or was married to a citizen may, upon an application in the prescribed manner, be registered as a citizen.
(3) Subsection (2) applies to an applicant who was married to a person who was a citizen at the time of the of that person.
(4) Where the marriage of a person registered as a citizen under subsection (2) is dissolved, the person shall continue to be a citizen unless the citizenship is renounced.
(5) A child of the marriage of a person registered as a citizen under subsection (2) shall continue to be a citizen unless the child renounces the citizenship.
(6) Where upon an application for registration under subsection (2) it appears to the Minister that the marriage had been entered into primarily for the purpose of obtaining the registration, the Minister shall request the applicant to establish that the marriage was entered into in good faith.
(7) In the case of a man seeking registration, subsection (1) applies only if the applicant is permanently resident in Ghana.
(8) A person shall not be registered as a citizen unless he has taken the oath of allegiance.
(1) Subject to subsection (2) of this section, a person qualifies for naturalisation if-
(a) he has resided in Ghana throughout the period of twelve months immediately preceding the date of the application;
(b) during the seven years immediately preceding the period of twelve months, he has resided in Ghana for periods amounting in the aggregate to not less than five years;
(c) he is of good character as attested to in writing by two Ghanaians being notaries public, lawyers, or senior public officers;
(d) he has not been sentenced to any period of imprisonment in Ghana or anywhere for an offence recognised by law in Ghana;
(e) he is able to speak and understand an indigenous Ghanaian language;
(f) he is a person who has made or who is capable of making a substantial contribution to the progress or advancement in any area of national activity;
(g) he is a person who has been assimilated into the Ghanaian way of life or who can easily be so assimilated;
(h) he intends to reside permanently in Ghana in the event of a certificate being granted to him; and
(i) he possessed a valid residence permit on the date of his application.
(2) The Minister, may in such special circumstances as he thinks fit and with the approval of the President-
(a) allow a continuous period of twelve months ending not more than six months before the date of the application to be reckoned for the purposes of subsection (1)(a) of this section as though it had immediately preceded the date of the application;
(b) allow residence in an approved country to be reckoned for the purposes of subsection (1)(b) of this section as if it has been residence in Ghana; and
(c) allow periods of residence earlier than seven years before the date of the application to be reckoned in computing the aggregate period mentioned in subsection (1)(b) of this section.
(3) The Minister, in other special circumstances as he thinks fit and with the approval of the President, may modify, vary or waive any one of the qualifications for naturalisation set out in this section except the qualification specified in subsection 1 (e) of this section.
The Minister shall publish in the Gazette within three months of any application, registration or grant of a certificate of naturalisation, the names, particulars and other details of a person who-
(a) applies to be registered as a citizen;
(b) has been registered as a citizen;
(c) applies for the grant of a certificate of naturalisation;
(d) has been granted a certificate of naturalisation as a citizen.
(1) A citizen of Ghana may hold the citizenship of any other country in addition to his citizenship of Ghana.
(2) Without prejudice to article 94(2)(a) of the Constitution, no citizen of Ghana shall qualify to be appointed as a holder of any office specified in this subsection if he holds the citizenship of any other country in addition to his citizenship of Ghana-
(a) Chief Justice and Justices of the Supreme Court;
(b) Ambassador or High Commissioner;
(c) Secretary to the Cabinet;
(d) Chief of Defence Staff or any Service Chief;
(e) Inspector-General of Police;
(f) Commissioner, Custom, Excise and Preventive Service;
(g) Director of Immigration Service;
(h) Commissioner, Value Added Tax Service;
(i) Director-General, Prisons Service;
(j) Chief Fire Officer;
(k) Chief Director of a Ministry;
(l) the rank of a Colonel in the Army or its equivalent in the other security services; and
(m) any other public office that the Minister may by legislative instrument prescribe.
(3) A citizen of Ghana who-
(a) loses his Ghanaian citizenship as a result of the acquisition or possession of the citizenship of another country shall on the renunciation of his citizenship of that country become a citizen of Ghana;
(b) acquires the citizenship of another country in addition to his Ghanaian citizenship shall notify in writing the acquisition of the additional citizenship to the Minister in such form and such manner as may be prescribed.
(4) A citizen of Ghana who is also a citizen of any other country shall whilst in Ghana be subject to the laws of Ghana as any other citizen.
(5) A citizen who has lost his citizenship as a result of the law in Ghana which prohibited the holding of dual citizenship by a Ghanaian may on an application to the Minister be issued with a certificate of citizenship which shall be effective from the date of issue.
(6) A certificate issued under subsection (5) shall specify whether the citizenship is by birth, adoption, registration or naturalisation.
(1) If any citizen of Ghana of age and capacity who is also a citizen of another country makes a declaration of renunciation of citizenship of Ghana, the Minister shall cause the declaration to be registered; and upon the registration, that person shall cease to be a citizen of Ghana.
(2) Where the law of a country requires a person who marries a citizen of that country to renounce the citizenship of his own country by virtue of that marriage, a citizen of Ghana who is deprived of his citizenship of Ghana by virtue of that marriage shall, on the dissolution of that marriage, become a citizen of Ghana.
The High Court may on an application by the Attorney-General for the purpose, deprive a person who is a citizen of Ghana, otherwise than by birth or adoption of that citizenship on the ground-
(a) that the activities of that person are inimical to the security of the State or prejudicial to the public morality or the public interest; or
(b) that the citizenship was acquired by fraud, misrepresentation or any other improper or irregular practice.
A reference in this Act to the citizenship status of the parent of a person at the time of the birth of that person shall, in relation to a person born after the death of the parent, be construed as a reference to the citizenship status of the parent at the time of the parent's death.
The Minister may, on an application made by or on behalf of any person with respect to whose citizenship of Ghana a doubt exists under Part I of this Act, certify that the person is a citizen of Ghana and a certificate issued under this section shall be prima facie evidence that the person was such a citizen at the date indicated in the certificate, but without prejudice to any evidence that he was such a citizen at an earlier date.
(1) A document purporting to be a notice, certificate, order or declaration or an entry in a register, or a subscription to an oath of allegiance, given, granted or made under this Act shall be received in evidence.
(2) The evidence may be given by the production of a certified true copy of the document by the person.
(3) An entry in a register made under this Act shall be received as evidence of the matters stated in the entry.
Any person who for the purpose of procuring anything to be done or not to be done under this Act makes any statement which he knows to be false in a material particular, or recklessly makes any statement which is false in a material particular, commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine of not less than c500,000 and not exceeding c5 million or a term of imprisonment not exceeding 12 months or to both.
(1) In this Act unless the context otherwise requires-
"approved country" means any country declared by or under the authority of the President to be an approved country by a legislative instrument;
"child" means a person who has not attained the age of eighteen years;
"Minister" means the Minister responsible for the Interior;
"prescribe" means prescribed by legislative instrument under this Act.
(2) A reference in this Act to Ghana in relation to a birth or residence before 6th March 1957 shall be read as a reference to the territories comprised in Ghana on that date.
(3) For the purposes of this Act, a person born aboard a registered ship or aircraft or aboard an unregistered ship or aircraft of the government of any country, shall be deemed to have been born in the place in which the ship or aircraft was registered or in that country.
(4) For the purposes of this Act, a person is of age if he has attained the age of eighteen years and is of capacity if he is of sound mind.
(1) The Ghana Nationality Act, 1971 (Act 361) as amended by the-
(a) Ghana Nationality (Amendment) Decree, 1972 (N.R.C.D. 134);
(b) Ghana Nationality (Amendment) Decree, 1978 (S.M.C.D. 172); and
(c) Ghana Nationality (Amendment) Decree, 1979 (A.F.R.C.D. 42) is hereby repealed.
(2) Notwithstanding the repeal in subsection (1) of this section any Regulations made under Act 361 or continued in force under that Act and in force immediately before the coming into force of this Act shall continue in force until amended or revoked under this Act.
(3) The repeal of the enactments specified in subsection (1) does not affect the validity of any action taken under any of the enactments before the repeal.
(4) Any person who immediately before the coming into force of this Act is a citizen by adoption, registration or naturalisation acquired validly under any enactment before the coming into force of this Act shall continue to hold the citizenship subject to the Constitution and the provisions of this Act.